Saturday, May 5, 2018

Ongs in the British Army and Royal Navy during the First & Second World Wars

Lancashire Landing Cemetery, near Cape Hellas, Gallipoli, Turkey

In one of my earliest genealogical postings many years ago (and re-published by this blog here), I mentioned visiting the British Commonwealth Cemeteries in the Gallipoli penninsula of Turkey and unexpectedly coming across - and within only a few minutes of getting out of our car for the first time - the gravestone of an Ong.  I will elaborate a little:  I was living with my wife in Istanbul and working for the representative office of an American bank.  We were being visited by my mother-in-law, and decided to make a weekend trip by driving southwest along the Marmara Sea to Gallipoli which forms the west bank of the Dardanelles, the straits between the Marmara and the Aegean Seas.  This had been the scene of the Gallipoli Campaign of 1915 in which forces of the British Empire launched a direct attack on Turkey, or more properly the Ottoman Empire, which had allied itself with the German and Austro-Hungarian Empires.  The campaign is famous for having been a) the brainchild of Winston Churchill, the then-Liberal Member of Parliament and First Lord of the Admiralty (i.e. Cabinet member responsible for the Royal Navy), b) a humiliating defeat as the British forces failed to establish a front much beyond the initial beachheads leading to their evacuation after seven months, c) a crucible for the rising independent national identities of Australia and New Zealand, whose forces performed heroically in an ultimately losing effort, and d) the proving ground of senior Turkish commander Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who later became the Republic of Turkey's first President (re-named as Kemal Ataturk) as a result of his leadership and drive for Turkish independence with sovereignty over all of Anatolia after the the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the early 1920s.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission maintains 31 separate cemeteries with the remains of soldiers from predominantly Britain, Australia, New Zealand, India and Newfoundland

The cemeteries are scattered along the front of the campaign which for the most part lay very close to the western coast of the peninsula.  Our first visit was at the Lancashire Landing cemetery at Cape Hellas, where, as the name implies, the 1st Lancashire Fusiliers landed under very heavy enemy fire, and 80 of the men buried here died in the first two days of the campaign.   My wife, mother-in-law and I each randomly picked a row of gravestones and walked along and surveyed the names.  About halfway across "my" row, I came across: "W.H. Ong, Quartermaster Sergeant, Lancashire Fusiliers."  It was a very mystical experience - the odds of my seeing this out of over 20,000 headstones at Gallipoli were so low.  It was also a reminder of the English roots of my family, and of course made me curious to know about the Ongs in England had fared after my branch cast off to America in 1630.  That curiosity, on a broader scope, eventually led to this blog.

As I did a few years ago with the American Civil War, here below follows a list of those with the surname Ong who served in the British Armed Forces in World Wars I and II.  It is compiled from public records, and may contain errors, omissions and duplicates.  I have also not (yet!) reviewed these names for family relationships, although no doubt there are many.  One cousin, Harry Ong, a career seaman in the Royal Navy, served in both wars!

The lethality of WWI, where almost a third of the Ongs who served were killed or died of their wounds, is striking.

World War I (The Great War) 1914-1918

Albert Charles Victor Ong, Private, South Staffordshire Regiment, then Labour Corps

Alfred William Ong, Private, Northumberland Fusiliers, then Labour Corps 1916-1918

Alfred William Ong, Sergeant, Devonshire Regiment 1915-1920 (from London SW6)

Arthur Ong, Private, Royal Army Medical Corps (1917-19): Salonica, Russia and Turkey (1 year 1 month) (Served in Salonika, Russia & Turkey. Cited in London County Council Staff Record of Service)

Arthur Ong, Private/Sapper, Norfolk Regiment, then Royal Fusiliers, then Labour Corps, then Royal Engineers  (from Norwich, Norfolk)

Arthur John Ong, Private, 21st Bat., King's Royal Rifle Corps

Benjamin Ong, Lance Sergeant, 2nd Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment, killed in action, Loos, 27 Sep 1915 (from Pendleton, Salford, Greater Manchester.  Widow Lilian (Kerry)  Commemorated at Loos Memorial, Pas-de-Calais, France)

Cecil Samuel Baldry Ong, Private, 1st/4th Battalion, Essex Regiment, killed in action in Palestine 25 Nov 1917  (Aged 40.  From Norwich, Norfolk.  Buried at Ramleh War Cemetery, Palestine (now Ramla, Israel).  Son of Charles and Ellen Mary Ong, Husband of Rose Anna Ong of Norwich, Norfolk)

Edward Ong, Private, 9th Battalion, Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire) Regiment, killed in action 20 Sep 1917, Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele) (from Salford, Lancashire.  Commemorated at Tyne Cot Memorial, West Flanders, Belgium)

Edward Ong, Private, 1st Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers, killed in action 16 May 1917, Battle of Arras (Aged 20.  From Norwich, Norfolk.  Commemorated at Arras Memorial, France)

Ernest George Ong, Private, 2nd Battalion, Norfolk Regiment

Frederick Charles Ong, Private, 9th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, killed in action, France, 27 Mar 1918  (mother Fanny M. Ong of Islington, London.  Commemorated at Pozieres Memorial, Somme, France)

Frederick James Ong, 5th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, killed in action 24 Apr 1915 (Aged 24.  From Hammersmith, Greater London.  Buried at St. James Cemetery, Dover, Kent, England)

George Ong, Able Seaman, Royal Navy, 1908-1922 (from Fulham, London.  Distinguished Service Medal awarded in connection with operations in the Dardenelles on HMS Blenheim on night of 4/5 May 1915.  Awarded Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 1931.)

George Ong, Private, 12th Battalion, Norfolk Regiment

George Albert Ong, Lance Corporal, 1st/7th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, died of wounds, Gallipoli, 7 Aug 1915 (from Salford, Lancashire.  Buried at Skew Bridge Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey)

George Walter Ong, Company Quarter Master Sergeant, 28th Manchester Regiment, 1908-1917

Harry Ong, Armourers Crew, Royal Navy, 1918- (from Seedley, Salford, Greater Manchester.  See WWII below.  Awarded General Service Medal.  Awarded Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 1933.)

Herbert Stanley Ong, 2nd Garrison Battalion., Suffolk Regiment, 1915-1917  (from Harlow, Essex, son of William Warren Ong)

James William Ong, Private, Essex Regiment, then The King's (Liverpool) Regiment

John Ong, Private, 3rd Battalion, Notts & Derby Regiment (Sherwood Foresters), 1916-1918  (from Norwich, Norfolk)

John Ong, Sapper, 9th Co., Royal Engineers

John Ong, Royal Defence Corps

John Henry Ong, Gunner, London Brigade, Royal Garrison Artillery

John Henry Ong, Sergeant, 13th, then 16th Batt., London Regiment (Queen's Westminster Rifles) 1916-1919  (from Islington, London  (brother to Frederick Charles?) 

Joseph Ong, 5th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment, then 2nd/5th Battalion Gloucester Regiment, then Labour Corps, 1914-1919

Joseph Ernest Ong, Sergeant, 1/7th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers, 1913-16 (Wounded at Gallipoli.  from Pendleton, Salford, Greater Manchester)

Joseph Humphrey Ong, Private, Royal Army Medical Corps, killed in action, 21 Aug 1918 (Aged 40.  From Norwich, Norfolk.  Buried at Gommecourt Cemetery No. 2, Hebuterne, France.  Son of Edward & Elizabeth Ong.  Husband of Gertrude Ong of Norwich.)

Lawrence Arthur Ong, Private, 13th Battation, King's Liverpool Regiment, killed in action 19 May 1918 (Aged 18.  from Pendleton, Salford, Greater Manchester.  Buried at Pernes Cemetery, Pas-de-Calais, France.  Son of George W. and Aimie Ong)

Robert William Ong, Essex Yeomanry 1908-1914, then Driver, Royal Army Service Corps -1919

Ronald Lancelot Newman Ong, Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery  (from Brentwood, Essex.  Son of Henry Ong)

Sidney Arthur Ong, 3rd Battalion, Norfolk Regiment, 1915-1918

Thomas Albert Ong, Driver, Royal Army Service Corps, 1914-1919

Thomas Ong, Chief Petty Officer, Royal Navy, 1893-1919 (from Norwich, Norfolk.  Awarded Distinguished Service Medal (plus bar))

Thomas Ong, Private, Royal Army Medical Corps, 1912-1919

Walter Ong, Private, 7th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers 1915-1919

William Ong, Private, 2nd Battalion, Essex Regiment (captured Monchy-le-Preux, France, 14 Apr 1917)

William Ong, Warrant Officer, 4th East Lancashire Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 1892-1916

William Ong, Private, 3rd Middlesex Regiment, then 13th then 6th Lancashire Fusiliers 1915-

William Ong, Private, King's Own Royal Lancashire Regiment

William Ong, Stoker Petty Officer, Royal Navy, 1905-17, lost in sinking from contact mine of HMS Derwent off Le Havre, France, 2 May 1917 (Aged 29.  From Norwich, Norfolk, son of William & Julia Ong, husband of Caroline Rebecca Ong of Norwich.  Commemorated at Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent)

William Ong, Private, 1st Battalion, Norfolk Regiment 1899-1917 (from Norwich, Norfolk)

William Ong, Private, 2nd/1st Suffolk Yeomanry, 1915-19

William George Ong, Gunner, Royal Marine Artillery, 1913-  (awarded Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 1931)

William Henry Ong, Company Quarter Master Sergeant, 1/8th Lancashire Fusiliers, died of wounds, Gallipoli, 14 Jun 1915  (from Seedley, Salford, Greater Manchester.  Buried at Lancashire Landings Cemetery, Gallipoli, Turkey)

William John Ong, Private, Suffolk Regiment, then Labour Corps

World War II 1939-1945

A. Ong, Private, Royal Army Service Corps (POW Stalag 334, Labinowice, Poland)

Albert Edward Ong, Trooper, Staffordshire Yeomanry, Royal Armoured Corps, killed 15 June 1941, buried Damascus British War Cemetery #2, Syria (Aged 32.  Son of George & Mary Ong and husband of Nellie E.M. Ong; from Cheshunt, Hertfordshire) 

Basil Ong, General Service Corps

F.E. Ong, 2nd Lieutenant, Royal Pioneer Corps

G. Ong, Quarter Master, Royal Engineers

George Ernest Ong, Ordinary Seaman, Royal Navy, HMS Curacao, killed 24 April 1940 (from German airstrike during Norwegian Campaign.  Commemorated at Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent)

Harry Ong, Ordnance Artificer 1st Class, Royal Navy -1945 (see WWI above)

Robert W. Ong, Private, Suffolk Regiment, killed in action 6 Jun 1944 in D-Day Landings.  (Aged 33.  Buried in Hermanville Cemetery, Calvados, Normandy, France)

Monday, March 19, 2018

Robert Glenn Ong (11 November 1924 - 31 January 2018)

World War II veteran, beloved husband, father, grandfather, uncle, friend
Robert Ong, 93, a resident of Elkton (FL) since 2005, stands as a shining example of what it meant to be part of “The Greatest Generation.” Known by friends and family as Bob, he was born in Uniontown, PA on November 11, 1924, the first of two children of William Ong and Ruth Strickler Ong.
The family moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where Mr. Ong attended Allegheny High School, graduating in 1942.
Soon thereafter, he felt the call to service and in November of 1942, joined the Army Strategic Air Forces and served his country both at home and abroad until January of 1946. During World War II, he was part of the Japan Air Offensive and the Western Pacific campaigns. Mr. Ong was awarded the American Theater Ribbon; the Asiatic-Pacific Theater Ribbon with two Bronze Stars; the Good Conduct Medal; and the World War II Victory Medal.
Upon returning from the war, Mr. Ong embarked on a long and successful career in the construction industry, spending more than 40 years with Ragnar Benson, Inc. as a purchasing agent and financial controller. His career began in Pittsburgh but later took him to several large-scale commercial projects in Tennessee, Texas and Florida.
Mr. Ong was a talented pianist, avid swimmer, hiker and traveler. He was known to all as a kind and generous soul, with a wonderful sense of humor. He was an active member of the Veterans Club at Coquina Crossing, his last place of residence.
Mr. Ong is predeceased by his beloved wife Alice, and sister Doris. His three children survive him: Lorraine Cleghon, of Chattanooga, Tennessee; Valerie Ong, of Orlando Florida; and Robert Dale Ong of Elkins, West Virginia. He is also survived by numerous nieces and nephews as well as grandchildren and great grandchildren.
A military burial at Jacksonville National Cemetery will be announced once arrangements are completed.

(Published in St. Augustine (FL) Record on Feb 11, 2018.  h/t to Valerie Ong)

Wednesday, January 3, 2018

The 1541 will of John Onge of Thelnetham

I recently read a challenge on another genealogical blog suggesting that family historians adopt a New Year's resolution of sharing information on one ancestor each week in 2018.  So one would need to post on 52 ancestors in 52 weeks.  Since I share something less than once a month on this blog, that requires a real step-up in activity.  I am not sure how realistic that is, but here goes!

Recently Ong Family History's distinguished London correspondent, Les Ong, shared a transcript of the will of John Onge of Thelnetham, Suffolk, dating from 1541.  What makes this person particularly interesting is that in the list of his minor age children there is both a John and an Edmund Onge, therefore making this John Onge a possible common ancestor of the families of John Onge of Hartest (d. 1609) and Edmund Onge of Lavenham (d. 1573) both of whom had descendants who emigrated to New England (and in some cases returned to England) in the 1630's, which of itself suggests a close relationship.  There is also a George, who could be the George Onge of Hinderclay (d. 1612), and these three 16th/17th century Onge family groups together appear to us to be possibly the forebears of most (or all?) of the known living Ongs of English ancestry.  This is still a theory, but it's an interesting working one for now!

Thelnetham is a small village and parish to the south of the River Ouse, which is also the Norfolk/Suffolk border, and is just a few miles ENE of Barningham, the village of the very earliest Onge records (1280's), and also the residence of this John Onge's "brother", who is also (mysteriously) named John Onge, according to the will.  Perhaps "brother" means something broader than we commonly understand it.

At the time of the writing of this will, the 50-year old King Henry VIII had been on the throne of England and Ireland for 32 years, and was in his fifth, brief marriage to the then 18-year old Queen Catherine (Howard), who was stripped of the title of Queen in November 1541 and subsequently executed in early 1542 for treason by committing adultery.

The original of this will is located at the Suffolk Records Office.  The original manuscript image is not permitted to be reproduced, but the transcript is in the public domain, and is as follows:

John ONGE, Thelnetham, Suffolk.
Will made   26 Jun 1541.
Will proven 18 Jul 1541.
Archdeaconry of Sudbury.

In the name of God Amen the 26th day of June in the year of our Lord God 1541 I John ONGE of Thelnetham whole of mind and of good memory being all my testaments before this day had or made I now utterly revoke and make this my present testament and last will in manner and form following.

First I bequeath my soul to God almighty to our lady Saint Mary and to all the holy company of heaven and my body to be buried in the churchyard of Saint Nicholas in Thelnetham.

Item. I bequeath to the high altar within the church aforesaid for my tithes forgotten or negligently paid 12d.

Item. I bequeath to the church of Saint Nicholas in Thelnetham 20d.

Item. I bequeath to Maryon my wife 20 marks of lawful money of England under this condition that the said Maryon release her dowry and give a lawful estate of all the lands that she is infeoffed in unto my executors when so ever they shall receive it off her. And if it so be that the said Maryon my wife will not give estate of the lands abovesaid according to this my last will but make claim of or challenge to them or any parcel of them by cause of her dowry either in the house or in the lands then I will that all such gifts and bequests as I have given and bequeathed unto her by this my present will be none void and of no effect as well of the 20 marks as of the other legacies bequeathed unto her.

Item. I will that Maryon my wife have the occupying of my house and lands in Thelnetham for the term of 10 years under this condition that the said Maryon bring up my children honestly therewith and repair the house sufficiently during the said term and pay the rent and if so be that the said Maryon do not lawfully bring up my children then I will that mine executors in like manner and form as she should have done take the said house and lands and bring them up with all except 5 acres and a rood of land the which I will that they be sold by the hand of my executors for to pay their charges with all whereof one acre and a half lying at at Bromstoke herne one acre and a half in Langland fold half an acre at Ornche 3 roods in Feltham crofts and an acre lying in Dotrells by Sterlynge.

Item. I will that Robert my eldest son have my house and my lands in Thelnetham at the age of 21 years except those that I willed to be sold and that under this condition that the said Robert shall pay or cause to be paid to John Edmund George and Thomas my sons to every of them 10 marks of lawful money of England in 3 years by equal portions when that they shall come to the age of 21 years and if so be that any of them happen to decease before the said age of 21 years then I will that the part or parts of him or them so deceased be equally divided among them that shall be alive.

Item. I bequeath to Alys my sister of Thetford 3s 4d.

Item. I give to Robert John and Edmund my sons to every of them a cow and they to be delivered at Michaelmas next coming.

Item. I give to George my son a cow and my wife to have the occupying thereof 2 years and then to be delivered to the said George my son.

Item. I bequeath to Thomas my son a cow and his mother to have the occupying of the said cow 6 years and then to be delivered unto the said Thomas.

Item. I give to Maryon my wife a horse a cow and a bed complete with a part of the stuff.

Item. I bequeath to every of my sons one sheep and a pewter platter.

Item. I bequeath to Robert my son my best brass pot and my best coat.

Item. I give to Maryon my wife all my linen and woollen that is unbequested.

Item. I will that John ONGE of Barnyngham my brother have 8 acres of free land lying in Barnyngham paying therefore 20 marks of lawful money of England whereof I will that he pay £10 to the executors of Robert CALDWELL of Hopton in discharging mine obligations wherein he is bound for me and the residue of the 20 marks for to help bear the charges of this my present testament.

Item. I will that Maryon my wife receive the 20 marks bequeathed unto her after this manner of form that is to say 26s 8d at the feast of Michael the Archangel next after the payment of the last obligation that I am bounden to Robert CALDWELL abovesaid and so forth every year at the said feast 26s 8d till the said sum of 20 marks be fully content and paid.

Item. I require all my cofeoffers that are infeoffed in any of my lands for to give estate of my lands when so ever they shall be lawfully required by mine executors to the performance of this my present testament.

The residue of all my goods not above bequeathed nor assigned I put wholly to the disposition of my executors whom I ordain and make John ONGE of Barnyngham my brother and John BARNHAM of Thelnetham my lawful executors for to do and furthermore to dispose as it shall seem most expedient for the health of my soul.

These witness

Thomas ALBYN
Wyllm GENT

with other.

Probate granted 18th July 1541.

St. Nicholas Church, Thelnetham, final resting place of John Onge, d. 1541

Sunday, November 26, 2017

The Ong Family in America - a chronology to 1800

(Last revised: 16 Apr 2018)

Editor's Note:  Genealogists and historians have been reviewing, organizing, publishing or otherwise recording original records from past since the nineteenth century, and these were the key source materials for the many English-language family histories and other published genealogies which started to appear at that time in the English-speaking world.  One was compiled by Dr. Albert R. Ong (1846-1906, one of my great-great grandfather’s older brothers, so my great-great-great-uncle) and published posthumously in 1906 as “The Ong Family of America”.  Like similar genealogies of that time (and since) there was a great focus on the origins and early history of the family, and the presentation of the materials was in the form of a family tree, with, for the early generations especially, a review of key source materials.  Since then there has been (to my knowledge) one other important genealogical study about the early history of the Ongs in America and their English forebears by Ross K. Cook (1885-1970), originally published as “Notes on the Ong/Onge Family” in the New Jersey Historical Proceedings, New Series 16: 207-08 (1931) and expanded and updated as a monograph “The Ong Family”, presented to the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania in 1964, and in the possession of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.   Cook’s work is also presented in the structure of a family tree, which differs in many key respects to the assumptions made earlier by Dr. Ong.  A third important presentation of early sources about the Ong family at the time of the emigration to America is the entry for “Frances Onge” in Robert Charles Anderson’s “The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633” vol. 2, 1360-63 (1995).

One of the things which becomes clear in reviewing source materials only in this period (the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries) is that building family trees involves a great amount of guess work.  To help readers understand the degree to which this is case, here I present all the key Ong family source material for this period I am aware of presented in chronological order, and not in a family tree structure.  Each entry consists of “facts” which either quote or are derived from the original records.  My comments and interpretations are written (in italics within parentheses).

The discovery of source material is an ongoing process – in fact publishing this article was prompted by a newly uncovered 17th century parish register entry sent to me by my English cousin and genealogical friend Les Ong.  So my intention is to update this work as I find new things or consider new interpretations.  How we create the most likely family tree for these early American Ongs can be a discussion topic!

A note about dates:   England and its colonies did not adopt the “New Style” or Gregorian calendar, in use at this time in most of Western Europe, until 1750.  In the “Old Style” calendar, the year changed on March 25 (not January 1), based on the concept that this day, 9 months before Christmas and celebrated liturgically as the Feast of the Annunciation, or colloquially Lady Day, is when the next anno domini should be marked.  (Think about it!)  So dates which fall between Jan. 1 and Mar. 24 will have two years (e.g. 5 Feb 1630/31, the date the Ong family landed in New England), the first being the year recorded at the time, and the second the year we would now consider that date belonging to.  (When the New Style calendar was later adopted, England and its colonies had to skip 11 days to catch up to the rest of Europe, but that’s another story.) 

Market Square, Lavenham, Suffolk.
Edmund & Frances Onge were shopkeepers here, ca.1605-1630.

THE ONG FAMILY IN AMERICA - A timeline of source-based information relating to the early Ongs in North America and their English antecedents: 

1535:  Lavenham, Suffolk (England):  Edmond Onge baptized

(Lavenham is a market town in the West of Suffolk, about 12 miles SSE of Bury St Edmunds and 76 miles NE of London.  At this time the town was one of the wealthiest in England owing to the wool trade and the town’s blue broadcloth having a large export market.  The town’s prosperity is most marked by its magnificent “wool church”, the Church of SS Peter & Paul, completed in 1525, and where three generations of this branch of the Ong family were baptized.  Edmond’s parentage is not to my knowledge in these early records.  Some family trees in the public domain have recorded his father as “Xavier”, but I not seen any source for this.  Earlier records exist place Onge family members in other towns in the West of Suffolk as early as 1280. To place this date in a historical context, in 1535, Henry VIII (House of Tudor) was King of England and Ireland and then married to his second wife, Anne Boleyn (mother of the future Queen Elizabeth), who was convicted of treason and executed in 1536.  While the debate over church reform had certainly begun in England, and the 1534 Act of Supremacy had granted King Henry the status of Head of the Church of England, Edmond Onge would still have been baptized in a Catholic rite, probably the last in his branch of the family for the next 350 years or so.) 

28 Jan 1547: Henry VIII dies and his nine-year old son takes throne as Edward VI.  The Church of England becomes recognizably Protestant, and the English-language Book of Common Prayer is published in 1549.

6 July 1553: Edward VI dies and is succeeded by his oldest half-sister Mary, the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.  Mary marries Philip of Spain (House of Habsburg; becomes King Philip in 1556) and restores Roman Catholicism in England and Ireland.

17 Nov 1558.  Queen Mary dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth, daughter of Henry and Anne Boleyn, who re-establishes Reformation practices in the Church and its governance. 

11 Jan 1561/62:  Lavenham:  Edmond Onge (aged ca. 26) and Elizabeth Ladyman are married.  (Queen Elizabeth I has been reigning England for just over a year.)

1562-1573 Children of Edmond (and Elizabeth (Ladyman)) Onge, all baptized in Lavenham:

24 Oct 1562:  Alice Onge (no further records)
13 Jun 1568:  Edmond Onge (see 1602 marriage to Frances Read)
1570:              Anne Onge (see 1611 marriage to George Coseal)
21 Oct 1573:  Clement Onge (note born after death of father)

15 May 1573:  Lavenham:  Edmond Onge buried (b. 1535, so aged ca. 38)

18 Feb 1573/74: Lavenham:  Elizabeth Onge (possibly widow of Edmond Onge) and Thomas Rolfe are married

21 Oct 1591:  Lavenham:  Clement Onge (aged 17) and William Wode are married

1592-1605: Children of John (and Anne) Onge, all baptized in Hartest, Suffolk. (The burial and probate documents of John Onge of Hartest are the only records for this person.  Ross Cook supposes that this John is probably the brother of both Edmond Onge of Lavenham (1535-1573) above, owing probably to the links between John’s son Francis and Edmond’s son Edmond’s family.  See below):
                2 Apr 1592:      John Onge
                1 Jan 1597/98: Edmond Onge (see 1629 re Cambridge University)
                12 May 1605:   Francis Onge (see 1631 re Watertown.)  

8 Apr 1602:  Brent Eleigh:  Edmond Onge (aged 34, son of Edmond and Elizabeth Onge) and Frances Read (or Reed, aged ca. 19; see death in Watertown in 1638) are married.

1 Jan 1603/4:  Wivenhoe, Essex (England):  Jeremy Onge, son of Edmund Onge, baptized. (Wivenhoe is ca. 23 miles south of Lavenham.  This is likely the same Jeremy Onge of Lisbon, Portugal whose probate in Canterbury is dated 10 Jan 1651/52, as there are few birth records for a Jeremy Onge in England in this time period.  The chronology makes it very possible or likely that he is the eldest child of Edmond and Frances Onge of Lavenham.  See also entry for 16 Nov 1646.)

24 Mar 1603:  Queen Elizabeth dies after a 45 year reign and is succeeded on the thrones of England and Ireland by King James VI of Scotland (House of Stuart) who becomes James I of England and Ireland.  The Authorized (or King James) Version of the Bible in English is completed in 1611. 

1606-1628: Children of Edmond and Frances (Read) Onge, all baptized in Lavenham:

23 Mar 1605/6: Marie (or Mary) Onge (see 1634 below)
21 Aug 1608:     Edmond Onge  (Buried at Lavenham 5 Jan 1611, aged 2)
14 Oct 1610:      Frances Onge (no further records)
25 Mar 1613:     Edmond Onge (see 1629 re Cambridge University below)
26 Jul 1615:    Thomas Onge  (Buried at Lavenham 27 Jul 1615)
             31 Jun 1616:      Elizabeth Onge  (No further records, but see below re 1636 probable marriage to Justinian Holden in Watertown, Mass.)
             11 Apr 1619:       Symon (or Simon) Onge  (see below)
             11 Apr 1622:     Thomas Onge (no further records)
             7 Nov 1624:       John Onge (no further records)
             1 Jul 1627:         Isaac Onge (see 1670)
             1 Jul 1627:         Rebecca Onge (twin of Isaac) (Buried at Lavenham 28 Jul 1627)
             27 Jul 1628:       Moses Onge (no further records)

             (Note there is no birth record for the Jacob Onge cited as Simon Onge’s brother in later Massachusetts records, unless his name changed or is incorrectly recorded from one of the above (e.g. John or Moses).  See 1678)

28 May 1611:  Lavenham:  Anne Onge (sister of Edmond Onge, aged ca. 41) marries George Coxall

27 Mar 1625:  King James dies and is succeeded as King of England, Ireland and Scotland by his son, Charles I.

1628:  Salem settlement (founded 1626) reinforced by “New England Company for a Plantation in Massachusetts Bay”

Mar 1628/29:  Charles I dissolves Parliament; Massachusetts Bay Colony granted Royal Charter

1629:  Edmond Onge, of Suffolk, matriculates sizar at Corpus Christi College, Lent term 1629-1630, Cambridge University (Alumni Cantabrigiensis, 3 p 281) (Is this son of Edmond and Frances Onge of Lavenham b. 1613, so aged 16?  Or son of John and Anne Onge of Hartest b. 1598, so aged 29?  Ross Cook assumes the latter but I think the chronology favors the former.  Edmond Onge of Hartest also had three children between 1619 and 1623/4. In either case, there are no other records connected to this person, the first known Ong to attend university.)

Apr 1630:  Start of migration of “Winthrop Fleet”, flotilla of carrying ca. 700 colonists, including Massachusetts Bay Governor John Winthrop, arriving first at Salem in June and over course of summer of  1630 colonists found Boston, Charlestown (including Medford), and Watertown.

7 Jun 1630:  Lavenham:  Edmond Onge buried (just before 52nd birthday.  His known living Lavenham-born children range from 24 to almost 2 years old.)

14 Jun 1630:  Administration on the estate of Edmund Onge was granted to his widow Frances; his inventory totaled L297 4s 9d.  (Source: Archdeaconry of Sudbury, Admon. Act Book 1630-1652, folio 2b)

5 Feb 1630/31:  Massachusetts Bay Colony Governor John Winthrop’s Journal:  “The ship Lyon, Mr. William Pierce, Master, arrived at Nantasket.  She brought Mr. Williams (a Godly Minister) with his wife, Mr. Throgmorton, (   ) Perkins,  (    ) Onge and others, with their wives and children, about twenty passengers and about two hundred tons of goods.  She set sail from Bristol, December 1st.  She had a very tempestuous passage, yet, through God’s Mercy, all her people came safe, except Way, his son, who fell from the spritsail in a tempest and could not be recovered, though he kept in sight near a quarter of an hour.  Her goods also came in good condition.”  (John Winthrop, Journal, Revised Edition, Vol 1, pp 49-50)  (Bristol is a port in the West of England, so the Onge party (as the others) travelled from Suffolk in East Anglia across England to join this voyage, which was the sole winter crossing of 1630-31 to Massachusetts and was largely a relief supply voyage for the large company of colonists who had crossed the previous spring and summer in what is known as “the Winthrop Fleet”, the high point of the “Great Migration”.  Nantasket is an island in Massachusetts Bay, and it is likely the ship was unloaded to Boston from there.  The “Mr. Williams” here is Roger Williams, the subsequent founder of Rhode Island Colony.  It is very likely that the Onge party consisted of Francis Onge of Hartest, then 24 years old, possibly his wife (since his first child was noted “born in New England” when later admitted to grammar school in England), his late cousin Edmond’s widow Frances (Read) Onge of Lavenham, and presumably most of her children, including certainly Simon, then aged 11, and probably Elizabeth, aged 15.  (The eldest daughter Mary crossed later – see 1634 below.)  Francis Onge of Hartest returned to England by 1632 – see below. It is an open question whether Francis intended to emigrate and reversed his decision, or whether the original plan was to accompany his cousin’s family on the crossing and then return.  Given his immediate matriculation to Cambridge University, the latter is likely the case.)

11 Apr 1632:  Francis Onge, “son of John Onge of Hartest, Suffolk” (aged almost 26) admitted “pensioner” (classification of student) at St John’s College, Cambridge University.  (Alumni Cantabrigiensis, 3 p 281) (The entry in Alumni Cantabrigiensis says “age 20”, although Ross Cook quoted it as” age 26”.  Since the parentage and domicile are clear in both this record and the baptismal record, there is either a transcription error, or some other unknown explanation.)

30 Apr 1634:  “Mary Onge, aged 27” departs Ipswich, Suffolk (England) aboard the ship “Francis” bound for Boston, Mass. (Hotten: List of immigrants, p 279) (Almost certainly the daughter of Frances Onge, then resident in Watertown, Mass.  Same crossing as Hammond family and Justinian Holden, also settling in Watertown.  Mary is also sometimes believed to be the 2nd wife of Thomas Sherwood (1586-1655).

25 Jul 1636: Watertown, Mass.:  Lot 19 in the fourth division of the “Great Dividend”, thirty acres, granted to “Francis Onge” (WaBOP 5)  (The “Francis Onge” in these initial Watertown land records is usually understood to be referring to Frances Onge, widow of Edmond, since the spelling of Frances vs Francis (and spelling in general) was much looser than today.  However some have noted that was unusual not to have denoted “widow” or other marking of this being a woman as head of household, so we cannot entirely rule out that the cousin Francis Onge of Hartest was initially treated as head of household and proprietary rights holder despite his subsequent return to England.   This and the other land grants below give evidence that Onge held a proprietary share in Watertown, entitling her (him?) to homestead farm, plowlands, and grazing properties in different parts of the town based on family size.  It is therefore likely that she and her family were immediately settled in Watertown upon their arrival in the colony in 1631. In the 1643/4 Watertown land inventories this “Great Dividend” lot was in possession of Justinian Holden so it is possible that he acquired Onge’s proprietary rights sometime between 1638 and 1642.  Holden’s first wife was named Elizabeth, and given the ongoing involvement of Holden in Onge affairs (see Holden Genealogy 58n), it is very likely she was Frances Onge’s daughter Elizabeth b. 1616.)

17 Jan 1636/37: Gov. John Winthrop receives letter from Robert Ryece of Preston, Suffolk (England) about a matter of debt (incurred “4 yeares since”) involving William Hammond, Jr., recently deceased, and Sarah Coppinger of Lavenham.  The letter included a deposition of Thomas Root of Lavenham testifying to William Paine’s public statement of surety of the debt, with the added comment that “And this can the Wydowe Onge now of Watertown in New Englande, but then of Lavenham, in whose presence & in her shoppe wytnes.”  (Winthrop Papers 3:347-48)  (“Four years since” would place Frances Onge back in Lavenham in ca. 1632 which seems unlikely, unless Frances Onge also did the return voyage with Francis Onge but then returned.  More likely is that the memory is faulty.  More significantly this reference confirms the occupation of Frances Onge (and presumably her late husband Edmond Onge) in Lavenham as shopkeeper.)

28 Feb 1636/37: Watertown:  Six acres in the “Beaverbrook Plowlands” granted to “Francis Onge"  (By Watertown land distribution policies, this shows that the Onge household was no more than six persons.)  

9 Apr 1638: Watertown: Six acres at the townplot granted to “Francis Onge”

12 Nov 1638: Watertown: “Francis Onge widow” buried “55 years old” (i.e. born ca. 1583, and therefore 19 at marriage to Edmond Onge, 45 at the birth of her last child, and 47 at time of emigration.  At the time of Frances’ death, the age of her children in Massachusetts potentially ranged from 32 (Mary) to ca. 10-11 years old. ) (WaVR 6)

1639:  Outbreak of “Bishops’ War” in Scotland.  Growing hostilities in Britain and the hope of Puritan reform in England bring a halt to the “Great Migration” wave of colonization.

1640 Mar-May: “Short Parliament” meets and ends in stalemate with King Charles over his request to finance war against Scottish “Covenanter” army. 

3 Nov 1640: Parliament reconvenes (“Long Parliament”)

23 Oct 1641: Outbreak of Irish Rebellion

1642: Outbreak of English Civil War between Royalist and Parliamentary armies

20 Jul 1643: Watertown: John White gives a mortgage to John Sherman “in behalfe of the children of the late deceased widow Ong of Watertown, to whom he doth owe twenty-five pounds” on a house and six acres in Watertown and a house and seven acres in Cambridge.

1644: Watertown land inventories show Simon Onge (presumably son of Edmond and Frances b. 1619 in Lavenham, so now 25 years old) holding three lots.  (None of these were granted to Simon Onge in the original Watertown land distributions.  Reconstruction shows two of these lots were granted to Henry Dow.  The third may have belonged to Simon’s mother Frances, although this is not proven.)  

16 Nov 1646: Boston: Gov. Winthrop’s Journal: “Here arrived a Dutch Ship of 360 tons with 250 tons of salt sent by Mr. Onge of Lisbon, so (the price of) salt was abated in a few hours from 36 (pence) to 16 a hogshead.”  (This is presumably Jeremy Onge in the English trading community of Lisbon, Portugal (1604?-1652) who may also be the older brother or uncle as the case may be of the Onges in Massachusetts.)

20 Feb 1646/7: Watertown: Simon Onge sells his house and ground to Jonas Eaton. (SLR 1:81) (This was the second item in Simon Onge’s holdings in the 1644 inventory.)

1647:  Religious Society of Friends (“Quaker”) founder George Fox begins public ministry in England.

1649: Execution of Charles I in London 30 Jan; Monarchy abolished and Commonwealth of England established 19 May.

30 Jun 1653: York County Court (Maine District of Mass):  John Burley and "Isacke Onge" acknowledge themselves indebted to the sum of ten pounds to the county.  (Isaac Onge b. 1627?  See also Isaac Onge in 1661 below.)

3 Sep 1658: Oliver Cromwell dies, and is succeeded as Lord Protector by son Richard Cromwell.

29 May 1660: Charles II arrives in London; monarchy restored in England, Ireland and Scotland.

1661: Jacob Onge cited as an original proprietor in Groton, Mass. with a six acre right.

1661 Jun:  Isaac Onge deposes in an Essex County (Mass.) Court case that he is twenty-five years old.  (If correct, this Isaac was born in ca. 1636 and therefore could not be a son of Edmond Onge, who died in 1630.  There is an Isaac Onge, son of Frances and Edmond Onge, born in 1627, so the Isaac cited here is either a grandson of Edmond and Frances, or a more distant relative of Edmond, or the court recorder meant to record “thirty-five” and misheard or made a mistake.  See 1678 below.)

16 4th 1663:  Isaac Ong mentioned as “27 years or thereabouts” in Essex County (Mass.) Court abstract.  (This fits the previous record.

30 Apr 1663:  Selectmen of Ipswich, Mass. complain that Isaac Onge had not removed himself from town after being warned.  Court orders he depart to whence he came.

Mar 1664: Province of New York granted to King Charles’ brother the Duke of York, incorporating former Dutch colony of New Netherland.  The Duke of York in turn sells what becomes New Jersey to Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton, who become Lords Proprietor of New Jersey.  First Quakers subsequently settle in Monmouth County, New Jersey.

8 Oct 1666:  Jonathan Morse, aged twenty-three, deposes in Middlesex County (Mass.) Court that “after a fast day in Watertown about sunset he went to Roger Wellington’s (house) together with Justinian Holden Jr., Jacob Onge, Ephraim Smith, William Sanders, Sarah, Mary, and Jonathan Mason, Benjamin Allen and John Clary.  In the space of two hours they together drank a gallon of (hard) cider and a pint of strong waters.  Afterwards he was very sick, full of pain and vomited much.”  (One would first guess that this Jacob Onge is presumably a contemporary of Morse and therefore also in his 20s, or born in the 1640’s.  His parentage is unclear, although perhaps he is a son of the Jacob Onge, brother of Simon Onge, whose existence becomes apparent in 1678.  See below.)

1669: New Jersey census cites Isaac Ong living in Shrewsbury, Monmouth County, New Jersey.  (Shrewsbury, founded in 1665 by settlers from Long Island and Rhode Island, was New Jersey's first Quaker community, and oldest rural religious congregation.  The first meetinghouse was built in 1672.)

24 Mar 1670:  Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., New Jersey:  Isaac Ong recorded as owner of 45 acres.

18 May 1670: Watertown, Mass.:  Isaac Ong and Mary Underwood are married.  Marriage also recorded in Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., New Jersey.  (If this is the Isaac Onge b.1627 in Lavenham, he would be almost 43.  The American Ongs living today are presumed to be descended from this marriage (see New Jersey records), and while Dr. A.R. Ong in “The Ong Family of America” (1906) assumed this was the Isaac born in Lavenham, Ross K. Cook assumes he is the son of Jacob Onge and grandson of Edmond and Frances Onge, so there is not consensus about this, and therefore the number of generations of Ongs living in North American since the crossing in 1630-1 is unclear. )

1671-1673:  George Fox travels through North American colonies, including a visit to Shrewsbury, New Jersey in 1672..

9 Feb 1671/2: Chelmsford, Mass.: birth of Jacob Ong, son of Jacob Ong (see above re Jacob Onge)

8 Feb 1672: Simon Onge deposes in Middlesex Cty court.  Aged cited as “about 50 years”

1674-1702 Province of New Jersey divided into East Jersey and West Jersey, each with its own Governor.  Although the original Quaker settlement at Shrewsbury is in East Jersey, Quakers settle in West Jersey in large numbers beginning in the late 1670's.

1 Dec 1672: Isaac Onge secures a deed from an Indian sachem named Sackaris for a plot land in Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., East Jersey, near what is now West Long Branch.  

11 Dec 1674:  Groton, Mass.:  Jacob Onge (presumably brother of Simon Onge – see 1678) granted “30 acres of upland, more or less, envolving his own meadow next to Nicholas Cady within it, bounded east-southwardly with the lands of Joshua Whitney, westerly with the lands of Nicholas Cady and pond, south with the country highway, and northerly with the highway that go to Brownloaf Plain.”  (Jacob Onge is cited as a neighbor in various earlier Groton land records throughout the 1660s.)

8 Jan 1674/75:  Isaac Onge sells Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., East Jersey plot purchased from Sacharis to Thomas Potter.

1675-1676: New England colonies ravaged by “King Phillip’s War”, as Indians of southern New England rise up against colonists, and are defeated, although at great cost of life on both sides.

4 Dec 1676:  Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., East Jersey: Isaac Ong issued survey for 120 acres and meadowland.

8 May 1678:  Simon Onge is a signer of a petition from various residents of Cambridge Village to the Massachusetts General Court requesting separation from the Town of Cambridge,

1678: Cambridge Village (now Newton), Mass.: Simon Onge dies intestate (at age 59).

12 Dec 1678: Administration of Simon Onge’s estate granted to “Jacob Ong…his brother”  (Unlike Simon, there is no record of a Jacob Onge’s birth in Lavenham.  There are a few possible explanations:   Perhaps, like Jeremy Onge, he was born elsewhere early in his parents’ marriage between 1602 and sister Mary’s birth in 1605/6.  It is also possible that he was born after brother Moses and after the death of his father Edmond sometime in 1630 while the family was en route to New England, although mother Frances was then 45.  It is also possible that the John Onge baptized in 1624 should really be Jacob.  A legal dispute over the late Simon Onge's property in Cambridge Village/Newton is the subject of a chapter in Roger Thompson's "Cambridge Cameos" (NEHGS, 2005)

3 May 1680:  Isaac Onge is mentioned in a deposition in Ipswich (Essex Co.) Mass. court records, thus indicating that this problematic Isaac (b. 1636?) is not the same person as the Isaac Onge who has by this time settled in New Jersey.

29 Nov 1680: Groton: Jacob Onge cited as head of family with 38 acres.

4 Mar 1681:  English Quaker William Penn granted proprietary charter to Province of Pennsylvania by King Charles in settlement of a debt to Penn’s father, Admiral Sir William Penn.  

26 Jun 1683: Shrewsbury, East Jersey: Isaac Ong chosen Cryer of the Court.

6 Feb 1684/85:  Charles II dies and is succeeded as King of England, Ireland and Scotland by his brother James II (James VII of Scotland), who is Catholic.

18 Jun 1684:  Charter of Massachusetts Bay Colony is annulled.

Jun 26 1684:  Monmouth County Court, East Jersey: Mary Ong, daughter of Isaac Ong, is defendant with Captain John Slocum in adultery case. Mary had child out of wedlock and named Slocum as father, although Slocum denied. Slocum ordered to pay 50 shillings to Mary's father Isaac Ong. Mary received 5 lashes on bare back.

8 6th 1685:  Isaac Ong of Mansfield Twp. (Burlington County, West Jersey) registers his ear marks at Burlington.  (One assumes that the family of Isaac Ong has removed from Shrewsbury in East Jersey to Burlington County in West Jersey.  Quakers had begun to settle in Burlington County in about ten years earlier, including the founding of Salem in 1676, Burlington and Rancocas (Northampton) in 1678, and Chesterton (Crosswicks) in 1684.  Mansfield Township lies to the east of Burlington and to the west of Chesterton Townships, although its own Friends Meeting was not established until 1731.  

8 Jul 1685:  Groton, Mass.:  Jacob Ong dies intestate and administration of estate granted at Cambridge to Nathaniel Lawrence.  Records cite “widow and hur young child”  (The Jacob Ong Jr. born in Chelmsford in 1671 would be 14 – is that a “young child”?)

6 Oct 1685:  At County Court:  “Jacob Ong appearing in Court made Choyce of Nathaniel Lawrence sen’r of Groten to be his guardian.  The court do approve thereof.”  (Making a choice of guardian is more consistent with age 14?)

May 1686: Dominion of New England under Governor Joseph Dudley established, combining the colonies of Massachusetts Bay (including Maine), Plymouth, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.  Sir Edmund Andros becomes Governor in December 1686.  Andros institutes many controversial measures to conform colonial administration to English norms, threatening local autonomy.  

Dec 1688: Catholic King James II is overthrown in “Glorious Revolution”.  Dutch “Stadholder” William of Orange, and his wife, James’ sister Anne, become joint monarchs of England, Ireland and Scotland.

1689:  Dominion of New England collapses after the fall of James II.

13 June 1689:  Will recorded of Isaac Ong of Mansfield, Burlington Co., West Jersey.  Wife Sarah is administrix. Children not mentioned by name.  Inventory of estate (L 86.19.6 made by Mordecai Andrews and Edward Andrews.

22 Nov 1689:  Chelmsford, Mass.: Sarah Onge, widow, marries Abraham Byam (presumably this is the widow of Jacob Ong of Groton MA)

1691: Province of Massachusetts Bay re-chartered, incorporating Plymouth and Maine.

8 Feb 1694/5: Burlington County, West Jersey: "Edward Andrews and Sarah Ong were married at the house of Thomas Revell the eighth day of February, 1694, before Thomas Revell, justice, and in the presence of Sarah Ong, Sr., Mordecai Andrews, Jacob Ong, John Joener, Mathew Forsyth, Eliakim Higgins, Thomas Douglass and Elizabeth Darling." marries Edward Andrews.  Sarah Ong Sr and Jacob Ong in attendance.  (The Ongs mentioned here are presumably the daughter, widow and son of the late Isaac Ong of Mansfield.  The house of Thomas Revell was in Burlington.) (Burlington County records cited in Leah Blackman, "History of Little Egg Harbor Township" (1880) 

3 Jun 1695: Groton, Mass.: Jacob Ong conveys land to Nathaniel Wood (presumably this is Jacob Ong, Jr, no longer a minor)

1699-1724: Children of Jacob & Elizabeth Ong recorded in Little Egg Harbor Meeting (now Tuckerton), Burlington (now Ocean) Co., West Jersey:

                26 2nd 1699:    Isaac Ong
                3 3rd 1703:      Jacob Ong (marries Mary Sprague, see below)
                14 1st 1704:    Mary Ong (marries Thomas Ridgeway, Jr., see below)
                10 3rd 1707:    Sarah Ong (marries Nicholas Delaplain, see below)
                25 9th 1709:    Joseph Ong
                23 9th 1711:    Phoebe Ong
                22 9th 1713:    Mabel Ong (marries Henry Shoemaker, see below)
                19 11th 1717:  Elizabeth Ong
                1 11th 1719:    Esther Ong (presumably who married Joseph Duckworth, see 1737 below)
                6 4th 1722:      Jeremiah Ong
                23 11th 1724:   Rachel Ong

(Jacob Ong is one of the earliest residents of Little Egg Harbor, a Quaker settlement near the Atlantic coast at the other end of Burlington County, whose name was changed to Tuckerton later in the 18th century (and which now lies in Ocean County).  A Friends Meeting was established there by Edward Andrews in 1704, and Jacob is undoubtedly the son of Isaac Ong of Mansfield and brother-in-law to Andrews.  The families of his brother-in-law Edward Andrews and Edward's brother, Mordecai Andrews, are also original settlers of Little Egg Harbor. )

14 Nov 1701: Boston, MA: Jacob Ong marries Tamozine Riford (Jacob Ong Jr of Groton?  Officiant was Benjamin Wadsworth (1670-1737), minister of the First Church in Boston and President of Harvard College from 1725 to his death in 1737.)

14 Jul 1715:  Elizabeth Ong (wife of Jacob) named co-overseer of newly established Little Egg Harbor Women's Meeting.

9 Sep 1715:  Little Egg Harbor becomes Monthly Meeting and Thomas Ridgeway and Jacob Ong are added as Overseers (with Jervais Pharo and Richard Osborn).

9 Nov 1715: Inventory of personal estate (L183.19.5) of Isaac Ong, who died intestate.  Brother Jeremiah Ong of Mansfield (Burlington County), NJ, named administrator. Dec 17 Petition states heirs are another brother and two sisters.

13 Mar 1717/18:  Little Egg Harbor, NJ:  Jacob Ong appointed to look after Friends graveyard

17 May 1718: Malden, Mass.: Tamesin (Tamzen) Ong marries John Upham (widow of Jacob Ong Jr?)

29 Dec 1721:  Malden, Mass.: Joanna Ong marries Richard Pratt (daughter of Jacob & Tamesin Ong?)

1723: Little Egg Harbor Meeting Minutes: Thomas Ridgeway, Jr and Mary Ong are married.  Jacob Ong, Jr. and Mary Sprague are married.  (Jacob Ong and Richard Osborne are appointed enquirers to clear the marriage.  Does this rule out Jacob as Mary's father?  Most secondary sources say this Mary is Jacob's daughter, but perhaps she is the daughter of Jacob's brother Jeremiah who does not appear directly in Little Egg Harbor Meeting records, but whose 1744 will cites various Ridgeway "grandchildren".  See below.)   

1724: Suffolk Co, Mass: Timothy Onge estate probated (son of Jacob Ong Jr of Groton/Boston?)

15 3rd 1725:  Little Egg Harbor Meeting Women’s Minutes: Elizabeth Ong appointed with Elizabeth Willetts to converse with another member about potential removal to Pennsylvania.

10 Feb 1725/26: Issac Ong issued certificate from Little Egg Harbor Meeting to marry in another Friends meeting, and Jacob Ong Sr requested a certificate of removal for him and his family to Pennsylvania.

7 2nd 1726: Isaac Ong marries Bathsheba Burdshall recorded by Concord Monthly Meeting (Concordville, Chester (now Delaware) County, Pennsylvania -

12 Sep 1728: Jacob Ong, Sr & family, certificate received by Little Egg Harbor Meeting from another meeting in Pennsylvania

1731: Sarah Ong, daughter of Jacob Ong, Sr, marries Nicholas Delaplaine in Little Egg Harbor

1732: Mabel Ong, daughter of Jacob Ong, Sr, marries Henry Shoemaker in Little Egg Harbor.  (Elizabeth Ong is appointed an enquirer - so perhaps it is sometime the case that a parent does this?)

14 Nov 1734:  Isaac Ong certificate received by Little Egg Harbor Monthly Meeting from Concord Monthly Meeting

10 5th 1735:  Jacob Ong & family certificate granted by Little Egg Harbor Monthly Meeting to Chesterfield Monthly Meeting (Crosswicks, Burlington County, NJ -

1 Jun 1737: Burlington County, New Jersey:  Esther Ong marries Joseph Duckworth (see OFH article on President Jimmy Carter who is descended from this marriage)

1739:  Jacob Ong recorded in Burlington County, NJ election return

5 Sep 1744: Will of Jeremiah Ong recorded in Little Egg Harbor, Burlington Co (now Ocean), NJ.  Executor is son-in-law Thomas Ridgeway.  Grandchildren (Ridgeway) are Jeremiah, Ann, Sarah, Thomas, John, and Job, all under age.  Inventory (L309.6.3) recorded by Samuel Andrews and James Bellangee.

13 Nov 1744:  Jacob Ong Senior & family certificate received from Chesterfield Monthly Meeting.

1752: Britain and her colonies adopt Gregorian calendar:  Legal new year starts (again) on Jan. 1st (rather than Mar. 25th), and Sept. 2nd, 1752 is followed by Sept. 14th to synchronize with the rest of Western Europe.

21 12th 1753:  Philadephia Monthly Meeting records burial of Rebecca Ong, daughter of Joseph Ong
(Presumably this Joseph is the son of Jacob & Elizabeth Ong born in Little Egg Harbor in 1709.)

1756-1763  Seven Years War (or the French & Indian War) fought between Great Britain and France over various global territorial disputes & ambitions, including control of the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes regions in North America.

1760: North Carolina census cites a male Ong living in Rowan County

1763: In the wake of victory over France and the subsequent Indian uprising known as Pontiac's Rebellion, Britain closes the area west of the Appalachians to further settlement.

May 1764:  Jacob (James) Ong, age n.a., sentenced at Middlesex Quarter Sessions (London) to Transportation to America (Virginia) on the "Justitia" in Sept 1764.  (There are no further records of this person in America.) 

4 Jun 1765:  Pheby Ong is married to John Cobin according to records of the officiant, the Rev. John Conrad Bucher, minister in the German Reformed Church in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania

11 8th 1768:  Isaac Ong & wife Bathsheba granted certificate by Little Egg Harbor (NJ) Meeting to Burlington (NJ) Monthly Meeting.

1770: New Jersey census cites Benjamin Ong, Job Ong, and Nehemiah Ong as single males living in New Hanover Township, Burlington County, New Jersey

1774: Benjamin Ong, Job Ong, and Nehemiah Ong cited on August 1774 Tax List in New Hanover Township, Burlington County, NJ.

1775-1781 American Revolutionary War.  In the 1783 Treaty of Paris Britain surrenders its claims west to the Mississippi River to the newly independent United States, while retaining Canada.  Settlement in lands west of the Appalachians accelerates in the 1790s.  The US fights various wars in what becomes Ohio and Indiana against Native American tribes resisting American sovereignty and western settlement.

18 Oct 1775 Zadoc Ong is signatory as witness for two marriage certificates at Middle Creek Meeting (Berkeley County, (now West) Virginia).  (As of now there are no other records of an 18th c. Zadoc Ong, so his relation to Jacob Ong who joins this same meeting in 1786 is unclear.)

14 Jun 1784  Mary Ong, formerly McGrew, disowned by Menallen (Friends) Meeting, York (now Adams) County, Pennsylvania for marrying (Jacob Ong) “out of unity”.  (Assumption is that Jacob Ong is already disowned for having served in the Continental Army (8th Regt, Pennsylvania Line) during the Revolution.

4 Apr 1786 Middle Creek (Arden, Berkeley County, (West) Virginia) Preparative Meeting reports to Hopewell Monthly Meeting that Jacob Ong requests membership.

7 Aug 1786 Hopewell Meeting grants certificate of membership to Jacob Ong.

14 May 1787 Mary (McGrew) Ong requests certificate of removal from Menallen Meeting to Hopewell Meeting, Frederick County, Virginia (near Berkeley County (now WV) line).

3 Sep 1787 Mary (McGrew) Ong granted certificate of membership to Hopewell Meeting from Menallen Meeting (Menallen certificate dated 11 Jun 1787).

7 Jul 1788:  Jacob Ong "co" of Middle Creek Preparatory Meeting (near and subordinate to Hopewell Meeting, Virginia)

5 Jan 1789 Hopewell Meeting grants certificate of removal of Jacob Ong’s children Rebecca and Finley Ong to Crooked Run Meeting (near Nineveh, Virginia, on road between Winchester and Front Royal, now in Warren County).

2 Jul 1789:  Isaac Ong marries Christiana Flieger, daughter of John Flieger, in Augusta County, Virginia.  (The parentage of this Isaac Ong is unclear.  Perhaps son of Isaac & Bathsheba Ong?)

9 Jan 1790: Isaac Ong cited as original member of Staunton (Augusta County, Virginia) Fire Company

16 Mar 1791: Isaac Ong cited as arbitrator in Augusta County (Virginia) court records

6 Jun 1791: Jacob Ong, with wife Mary and children Rebecca, Finley and Jacob, granted certificate of removal from Hopewell Meeting to Westland Monthly Meeting, SW Pennsylvania

25 Oct 1791: Isaac Ong, son of Jacob and Mary Ong, born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania

2 Jun 1792:  Jacob Ong warranted 85 acres of land in (North Huntingdon Twp?) Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.  Cites land improved since 1775.

20 Dec 1794: Isaac Ong, son of Isaac Ong, born Augusta County, Virginia

1792: Edward Ong cited in personal property tax roll for in West District (“Mt Clinton, Muddy Creek, War Branch”), Rockingham County, Virginia.  Had no property, indicating either young man, elderly man, or newly arrived.  (“Tenth Legion Tithables (Rockingham Division) Rockingham County, Virginia, Tithables for 1792”, Compiled by Harry M. Strickler, 1930)

29 Dec 1797: Jesse Ong granted membership in Redstone Monthly Meeting

1798 North Huntingdon Twp, Westmoreland Co., PA tax rolls include:
                -Jesse Ong, 2 cabins, $20 valuation, saw mill, 70 acres, $500 valuation

                -Jacob Ong, 1 house, $70 valuation, barn, mill, 108 acres, $906 valuation
1800 Ongs in US Federal Census, all in North Huntingdon Twp, Westmoreland Co, Pennsylvania:
                -Jesse Ong, 1 M 26-44, 1 F26-44, 2 FU10, 4 total
                -Jacob Ong, 2 M45+, 1 M16-25, 2 M10-15, 3 MU10, 1 F26-44, 1 F16-25, 1 F10-15, 1 F U10, 12 tot.
                -Jeremiah Ong, 1 M16-26

Hopewell Meeting House, Frederick County, Virginia